Mycology, soil microbial diversity

Full professor
Department of biological sciences - University of Montreal


Symbiosis is a close association between two types of organisms belonging to different species with usually beneficial consequences for both or at least one of the organisms. The mycorrhiza symbiosis is the best example and consists of an association between the plant roots and soil fungi. The arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is so far the most commom and widespread symbiotic associations on earth, and concerns more than 80% of vascular plants. I am interested, in particular to the fungus side of this symbiosis known as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). AMF are ubiquitous in terrestrial ecosystems and are important because they improve plant growth by increasing phosphorus uptake and confer resistance against plant pathogens.

My research interests are in the areas of molecular genetics, cytogenetics, genomics, evolution and biodiversity of AMF. The objective of my research program is to understand genetic structure, evolution and reproduction of AMF. Such knowledge is extremely important for the agriculture and adjustment of the environment. Impact of a future knowledge as for operation with genetic point of view of these organizations is vital and necessary to the comprehension of their paramount role in nature.

Keywords: Molecular genetics, genomics and evolution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) • Environmental genomics and biodiversity of soil microbes


Postdoctoral researchers
Asmaa Agoussar

Ph.D. students
Zakaria Lahrach
Simon Thériault, co-supervised by Pierre-Luc Chagnon

M.Sc. students
Lucy Ross-Blevis, external co-supervision


BIO-1804: Introduction à la microbiologie environnementale
BIO-2050: Stage de recherche 1
BIO-2350: Diversité fongique
BIO-3050: Stage de recherche 2
BIO-3080: Animation scientifique
BIO-3781: Microorganismes phytopathogènes
BIO-6009: Lectures dirigées en biologie
MCB-1979: Microbiologie générale

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  • Basiru S, Ait Si Mhand K, Hijri M (2023) Disentangling arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and bacteria at the soil‑root interface. Mycorrhiza. DOI 10.1007/s00572-023-01107-7
  • Blakney AJC, Bainard LD, St‐Arnaud M, Hijri M (2022) Soil Chemistry and Soil History Significantly Structure Oomycete Communities in Brassicaceae Crop Rotations. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 89 (1)
  • Wu QS, Silva FSB, Hijri M, Kapoor R (2023) Editorial: Arbuscular mycorrhiza-mediated augmentation of plant secondary metabolite production. Front Plant Sci.14:1150900. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2023.1150900.
  • Hijri M (2023) Microbial-Based Plant Biostimulants. Microorganisms 11(3):686.
  • Hijri M, Bâ A (2023) Mycorrhizal fungi and plants in terrestrial ecosystems, volume II. Frontiers in Plant Science 14, 1180884.
  • Fouda A, Bhowmik A, Hassan S-D, Hijri M (2023) Editorial: Green nanomaterials: prospective biotechnological applications.Frontiers in Microbiology 14:1280398.
  • Ahmed B, Beneš F, Hajšlová J, Fišarová L, Vosátka M, Hijri M (2023) Enhanced production of select phytocannabinoids in medical Cannabis cultivars using microbial consortia. Frontiers in Plant Science 14, 1219836.
  • Makhalanyane TP, Bezuidt OKI, Pierneef RE, Mizrachi E, Zeze A, Fossou RK, Kouadjo CG, Duodu S, Chikere CB, Babalola OO, Klein A, Keyster M, du Plessis M, Yorou NS, Hijri M, Rossouw T, Kamutando CN, Venter S, Moleleki LN, Murrell C (2023) African microbiomes matter. Nature Review Microbiology. 21(8):479-481.


  • Ducousso-Détrez A, Raveau R, Fontaine J, Hijri M, Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui A (2022) Glomerales Dominate Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Communities Associated with Spontaneous Plants in Phosphate-Rich Soils of Former Rock Phosphate Mining Sites. Microorganisms. 2022; 10(12):2406.
  • Ounzar F, Errafii K, El Allali A, Hijri M, Daoud R (2022) Gene editing tools new insights for public health and industrial applications. Moroccan Journal of Public Heath 4 (1).
  • Basiru S, Hijri M. (2022) The Potential Applications of Commercial Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Inoculants and Their Ecological Consequences. Microorganisms. 2022; 10(10):1897. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms10101897
  • Mahdi I, Fahsi N, Hijri M, and Sobeh M. (2022) Antibiotic resistance in plant growth promoting bacteria: A comprehensive review and future perspectives to mitigate potential gene invasion risks. Frontiers in  Microbiology. 13:999988. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2022.999988
  • Morvan S, Paré MC, Schmitt A, Lafond J, and Hijri M. (2022) Limited effect of thermal pruning on wild blueberry crop and its root-associated microbiota. Front. Plant Sci. 13:954935. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2022.954935
  • Legeay J, Hijri M. (2022) A Comprehensive Insight of Current and Future Challenges in Large-Scale Soil Microbiome Analyses. Microbial Ecology doi: 10.1007/s00248-022-02060-2
  • Dabré ÉE, Hijri M, Favret C (2022) Influence on soybean aphid by the tripartite interaction between soybean, a rhizobium bacterium, and an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. Microorganisms 10 (6), 1196
  • Dabré ÉE, Brodeur J, Hijri M, Favret C (2022) The Effects of an Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus and Rhizobium Symbioses on Soybean Aphid Mostly Fail to Propagate to the Third Trophic Level. Microorganisms 10 (6), 1158
  • Blakney AJC, Bainard LD, St‐Arnaud M, Hijri M (2022) Brassicaceae host plants mask the feedback from the previous year’s soil history on bacterial communities, except when they experience drought. Environmental Microbiology doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.16046
  • Ducousso-Détrez A, Fontaine J, Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui A, Hijri M (2022) Diversity of Phosphate Chemical Forms in Soils and Their Contributions on Soil Microbial Community Structure Changes. Microorganisms 10 (3), 609
  • Floc’h J-B, Hamel C, M Laterrière, B Tidemann, M St-Arnaud, M Hijri (2022) Long-term persistence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the rhizosphere and bulk soils of non-host Brassica napus and their networks of cooccurring microbes. Frontiers in Plant Science, 13:828145
  • Alotaibi F, St-Arnaud M and Hijri M (2022) In-Depth Characterization of Plant Growth Promotion Potentials of Selected Alkanes-Degrading Plant Growth-Promoting Bacterial Isolates. Frontiers in Microbiology 13:863702. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2022.863702
  • Rchiad Z, Dai M, Hamel C, Bainard LD, Cade-Menun B, Terrat Y, St-Arnaud M and Hijri M (2022) Soil Depth Significantly Shifted Microbial Community Structures and Functions in a Semiarid Prairie Agroecosystem. Frontiers in Microbiology 13:815890. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2022.815890
  • Floc’h J-B, Hamel C, Laterrière M, Tidemann B, St-Arnaud M and Hijri M (2022) Long-Term Persistence of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in the Rhizosphere and Bulk Soils of Non-host Brassica napus and Their Networks of Co-occurring Microbes. Frontiers in Plant Science 13:828145. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2022.828145
  • Basiru S and Hijri M. (2022) Does Commercial Inoculation Promote Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Invasion? Microorganisms 10(2): 404.
  • Fortin Faubert M, Labrecque M and Hijri M (2022) Ectomycorrhizal Fungi Dominated the Root and Rhizosphere Microbial Communities of Two Willow Cultivars Grown for Six-Years in a Mixed-Contaminated Environment. Journal of Fungi 8(2):145.


  • Ahmed B, Smart LB, Hijri M (2021) Microbiome of Field Grown Hemp Reveals Potential Microbial Interactions With Root and Rhizosphere Soil. Front. Microbiol. 12:741597. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.741597
  • Floc’h JB, Hamel C, Laterrière M, Tidemann B, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2021) Inter-Kingdom Networks of Canola Microbiome Reveal Bradyrhizobium as Keystone Species and Underline the Importance of Bulk Soil in Microbial Studies to Enhance Canola Production. Microbial Ecology, 1-162021
  • Alotaibi F, Lee S-J, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2021) Salix purpurea and Eleocharis obtusa Rhizospheres Harbor a Diverse Rhizospheric Bacterial Community Characterized by Hydrocarbons Degradation Potentials and Plant Growth-Promoting Properties. Plants. 2021; 10(10):1987.
  • Dabré ÉE, Lee SJ, Hijri M, C Favret C (2021) The effects of mycorrhizal colonization on phytophagous insects and their natural enemies in soybean fields. PLoS one 16 (9), e0257712.
  • Ahmed B, Floc’h J-B, Lahrach Z, Hijri M (2021) Phytate and Microbial Suspension Amendments Increased Soybean Growth and Shifted Microbial Community Structure. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 1803.
  • Ahmed B, Hijri M (2021) Potential impacts of soil microbiota manipulation on secondary metabolites production in cannabis. Journal of Cannabis Research 3 (1), 1-9.
  • Alotaibi F, Hijri M, St-Arnaud M (2021) Overview of Approaches to Improve Rhizoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Soils. Applied Microbiology 1 (2), 329-351.
  • Bali R, Pineault J, Chagnon PL, Hijri M (2021) Fresh Compost Tea Application Does Not Change Rhizosphere Soil Bacterial Community Structure, and Has No Effects on Soybean Growth or Yield. Plants 10 (8), 1638.
  • Raveau R, Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui A, Hijri M, Fontaine J (2021) Clary Sage Cultivation and Mycorrhizal Inoculation Influence the Rhizosphere Fungal Community of an Aged Trace-Element Polluted Soil. Microorganisms 9 (6), 1333.
  • Eid AM, Fouda A, Abdel-Rahman MA, Salem SS, Elsaied A, Oelmüller R, Hijri M, Bhowmik A, Elkelish A, Hassan SE-D (2021) Harnessing Bacterial Endophytes for Promotion of Plant Growth and Biotechnological Applications: An Overview. Plants 10(5):935.
  • Fortin Faubert M, Desjardins D, Hijri M, Labrecque M (2021) Willows Used for Phytoremediation Increased Organic Contaminant Concentrations in Soil Surface. Applied Sciences 11(7):2979.
  • Fortin Faubert M, Hijri M, Labrecque M (2021) Short Rotation Intensive Culture of Willow, Spent Mushroom Substrate and Ramial Chipped Wood for Bioremediation of a Contaminated Site Used for Land Farming Activities of a Former Petrochemical Plant. Plants 10(3):520.
  • Basiru S, Mwanza HP, Hijri M (2021) Analysis of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Inoculant Benchmarks. Microorganisms 9 (1), 81.


  • Stefani F, Dupont S, Laterrière M, Knox R, Ruan Y, Hamel C, Hijri M (2020) Similar Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Communities in 31 Durum Wheat Cultivars (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) Under Field Conditions in Eastern Canada. Frontiers in plant science 11, 1206.
  • ALKahtani MDF, Fouda A, et al. (2020) Isolation and characterization of plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria from desert plants and their application as bioinoculants for sustainable agriculture. Agronomy 10 (9), 1325.
  • Floc’h J-B, Hamel C, Lupwayi N, Harker KN, Hijri M, St-Arnaud M (2020) Bacterial Communities of the Canola Rhizosphere: Network Analysis Reveals a Core Bacterium Shaping Microbial Interactions. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11:1587.doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.01587
  • Dagher DJ, Pitre FE, Hijri M (2020) Ectomycorrhizal Fungal Inoculation of Sphaerosporellabrunnea Significantly Increased Stem Biomass of Salix miyabeana and Decreased Lead, Tin, and Zinc, Soil Concentrations during the Phytoremediation of an Industrial Landfill. Journal of Fungi, 6, 87.
  • Lee S-J, Kong M, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2020) Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Communities of Native Plant Species under High Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contamination Highlights Rhizophagus as a Key Tolerant Genus. Microorganisms, 8, 872.
  • Wang L, Gan Y, Bainard L, Hamel C, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2020) Expression of N‐cycling genes of root microbiomes provides insights for sustaining oilseed crop production. Environmental Microbiology 22 (11), 4545-4556. DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.15161
  • Renaut S, Daoud R, Masse J, Vialle A, Hijri M (2020) Inoculation with Rhizophagusirregularis Does Not Alter Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Community Structure within the Roots of Corn, Wheat, and Soybean Crops. Microorganisms, 8, 83.
  • Dagher DJ, de la Providencia IE, Pitre FE, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2020) Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Assemblages Significantly Shifted upon Bacterial Inoculation in Non-Contaminated and Petroleum-Contaminated Environments. Microorganisms, 8, 602.
  • Morvan S, Meglouli H, Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui A, Hijri M (2020) Into the wild blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) rhizosphere microbiota. Environmental Microbiology, 22 (9), 3803-3822
  • Kang JE, Ciampi, A & Hijri M (2020) Sesame: Metagenome Sequence Classification of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Associated Microorganisms. Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics, DOI: 10.1101/2020.05.20.106559
  • Kang JE, Ciampi, A & Hijri M (2020) Sesame PS Function: Functional Analysis of Symbiotic Microbes of the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics, DOI: 10.1101/2020.05.20.107235


  • Meglouli, H. et al. Aided Phytoremediation to Clean Up Dioxins/Furans-Aged Contaminated Soil: correlation between microbial communities and pollutant dissipation. Microorganisms 7, 523 (2019).
  • Dagher D, de la Providencia IE, Pitre FE, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2019) Plant identity shaped rhizospheric microbial communities more strongly than bacterial bioaugmentation in petroleum hydrocarbon-polluted sediments. Frontiers in Microbiology 10:2144 doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.02144
  • Renaut S, Masse J, Norrie JP, Blal B, Hijri M (2019) A commercial seaweed extract structured microbial communities associated with tomato and pepper roots and significantly increased crop yield. Microbial Biotechnology 12 (6): 1346-1358 doi: 10.1111/1751-7915.13473
  • Lee SJ, Morse D, Hijri M (2019) Holobiont chronobiology: mycorrhiza may be a key to linking aboveground and underground rhythms. Mycorrhiza 29: 403-412 doi: 10.1007/s00572-019-00903-4
  • Gondeau A, Aouabed Z, Hijri M, Peres-Neto P, Makarenkov V. (2019) Object weighting: a new clustering approach to deal with outliers and cluster overlap in computational biology. IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinform. doi: 10.1109/TCBB.2019.2921577
  • Robichaud K, Stewart K, Labrecque M, Hijri M, Cherewyk J, Amyot M. (2019) An ecological microsystem to treat waste oil contaminated soil: Using phytoremediation assisted by fungi and local compost, on a mixed-contaminant site, in a cold climate. Science of Total Environment 672:732-742.
  • Robichaud K, Girard C, Dagher D, Stewart K, Labrecque M, Hijri M, Amyot M. (2019) Local fungi, willow and municipal compost effectively remediate petroleum-contaminated soil in the Canadian North. Chemosphere 220:47-55


  • Meglouli H, Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui A, Magnin-Robert M, Tisserant B, Hijri M & Fontaine J (2018) Arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum sources influence bacterial, archaeal, and fungal communities’ structures of historically dioxin/furan-contaminated soil but not the pollutant dissipation rate. Mycorrhiza 28(7):635-650
  • Lee SJ, Kong M, Morse D & Hijri M (2018). Expression of putative circadian clock components in the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Rhizoglomus irregulare. Mycorrhiza 28(5-6): 523-534
  • Hijri M and Bâ A (2018) Editorial: Mycorrhiza in Tropical and Neotropical Ecosystems. Frontiers Plant Science 9:308. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2018.00308
  • Lee SJ, Kong M, Harrison P & Hijri M (2018). Conserved proteins of the RNA interference system in the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Rhizoglomus irregulare provide new insight into the evolutionary history of Glomeromycota. Genome Biology and Evolution, 10(1): 328-343.
  • Marchand M, Mench M, Jani Y, Kaczala F, Notini P, Hijri M & Hogland M (2018) Field pilot scale aided-phytoremediation of a soil contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons and metals. Science of the Total Environment, 618:753-764.
  • Bidartondo MI & Hijri M (2018) The Ninth International Conference on Mycorrhiza in Prague: across mycorrhizal symbioses from molecules to global scales. Mycorrhiza 28(2):203-205.


  • Iffis B, St-Arnaud M & Hijri M (2017). Petroleum Contamination and Plant Identity Influence Soil and Root Microbial Communities While AMF Spores Retrieved from the Same Plants Possess Markedly Different Communities. Frontiers in Plant Science 8: 1381. Open accesss
  • Chanda D, Sharma GD, Jha DK & Hijri M (2017) Tolerance of Microorganisms in Soil Contaminated with Trace Metals: An Overview. Recent advances in Applied Microbiology, 165-193.
  • Marchand M, St-Arnaud M, Hogland W, Bell TH, & Hijri M (2017) Petroleum biodegradation capacity of bacteria and fungi isolated from petroleum-contaminated soil. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 116: 48-57.


  • Roy-Bolduc A, Laliberté E, Boudreau S & Hijri M. Strong linkage between plant and soil fungal communities along a successional coastal dune system. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 12(7): 685.
  • Iffis, B., M. St-Arnaud et M. Hijri. 2016. Petroleum hydrocarbon contamination, plant identity and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community determine assemblages of the AMF spore-associated microbes. Environmental Microbiology, 18 (8): 2689-2704.
  • Bell, T.H., F.O. Stefani, K. Abram, J. Champagne, É. Yergeau, M. Hijri et M. St-Arnaud. 2016. A diverse soil microbiome degrades more crude oil than specialized bacterial assemblages obtained in culture. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 82 (18): 5530-5541.
  • Nadimi M, Stefani FOP, & Hijri M (2016). The large (134.9 kb) mitochondrial genome of the glomeromycete Funneliformis mosseae. Mycorrhiza (sous-presse). DOI: 10.1007/s00572-016-0710-7
  • Zarik L, Meddich A, Hijri M, Hafidi M, Ouhammou A, Ouahmane L, Duponnois R, & Boumezzough A (2016). Use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to improve the throught tolerance of Cupressus atlantica G. C R Biol. pii: S1631-0691(16) 30032-4. doi: 10.1016/j.crvi.2016.04.009.
  • Badri A, Stefani FOP, Lachance G, Roy-Arcand L, Beaudet D, Vialle A, & Hijri M (2016). Molecular diagnostic toolkit for Rhizophagus irregularis isolate DAOM-197198 using quantitative PCR assay targeting the mitochondrial genome. Mycorrhiza (sous-presse). DOI 10.1007/s00572-016-0708-1
  • Marchand M, Hogland W, Kaczala F, Jani Y, Marchand L, Augustsson A, & Hijri M (2016). Effect of Medicago sativa L. and compost on organic and inorganic pollutant removal from a mixed contaminated soil and risk assessment using ecotoxicological tests. International Journal of Phytoremediation (sous-presse). DOI: 10.1080/15226514.2016.1186594
  • Bourdel B, Roy-Bolduc A, St-Arnaud M & Hijri M (2016). Concentration of petroleum hydrocarbon contamination shapes fungal endophytic community structure in plant roots. Frontiers in Microbiology 7:685.
    open source
  • Hijri M (2016). Analysis of a large dataset form field mycorrhizal inoculation trials on potato showed highly significant increase in yield. Mycorrhiza, 26(3): 209-214.
  • Nadimi M, Daubois L, & Hijri M (2016). Mitochondrial comparative genomics and phylogenetic signal assessment of mtDNA among arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 98: 74-83.
  • Daubois L, Beaudet D, Hijri M & de la Providencia IE (2016). Independent mitochondrial and nuclear exchanges arising in Rhizophagus irregularis crossed-isolates support the presence of a mitochondrial segregation mechanism. BMC Microbiology 16(11).
    open source
  • Roy-Bolduc A, Laliberté E, & Hijri M (2016). High richness of ectomycorrhizal fungi and low host specificity in a coastal sand dune ecosystem revealed by network analysis. Ecology and Evolution, 6(1) 349-362.
    open source


  • Chanda, D., G.K. Sharma, D.K. Jha, M. Hijri et F. Al-Otaibi (2015). Leucobacter sp., a heavy metal resistant bacterium isolated from paper mill solid effluent. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 9 : 113-118.
  • Roy-Bolduc A., Bell T.H., Boudreau S. & Hijri M (2015). Comprehensive sampling of an isolated dune system demonstrates clear patterns in soil fungal communities across a successional gradient. Environmental Microbiology Reports 7(6):839-848.
    open source
  • de la Providencia I., Stéfani FOP., Labridy M., St-Arnaud M., & Hijri M. (2015) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity associated with Eleocharis obtusa and Panicum capillare growing in an extreme petroleum hydrocarbon-polluted sedimentation basin. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 362(12):fnv081 (doi: 10.1093/femsle/fnv081).
  • Stefani F.O.P., Bell T.H., Marchand C., de la Providencia I.E., El Yassimi A., St-Arnaud M. & Hijri M. Culture-dependent and independent methods capture different microbial community fractions in hydrocarbon-contaminated soils. PLoS One, 10(6): e0128272.
    open source
  • Thi Thanh M. P., Pino Rodriguez, N.J.; Hijri M. & Sylvestre M (2015). Optimizing polychlorinated biphenyl degradation by flavonoids-induced cells of the rhizobacterium Rhodococcus erythropolis U23A. PLoS One, 10(5): e0126033.
    open source
  • Hafidi M, Qaddoury A, Duponnois R, Wipf D, Hijri M, & Bâ A (2015). International Congress on Mycorrhizae: mycorrhizal symbiosis a key factor for improving plant productivity and ecosystems restoration. Mycorrhiza 25(8):673-674.
  • Boon E, Halary S, Bapteste E & Hijri M (2015). Studying Genome Heterogeneity within the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Cytoplasm. Genome Biology and Evolution, 7(2) 505-521.
    open source
  • Beaudet D, de la Providencia IE, Labridy M, Roy-Bolduc A, Daubois D & Hijri M (2014). Intra-isolate mitochondrial genetic polymorphism and gene variants co-expression in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Genome Biology and Evolution, 7(1) 218-227.
    open source
  • Nadimi M, Stefani FOP, & Hijri M (2014). The mitochondrial genome of the glomeromycete Rhizophagus sp. DAOM 213198 reveals an unusual organization consisting of two circular chromosomes. Genome Biology and Evolution, 7(1) 96-105.
    open source


  • Iffis B, St-Arnaud M & Hijri M (2014). Bacteria associated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi within roots of plants growing in a soil highly contaminated with aliphatic and aromatic petroleum hydrocarbons. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 358: 44-54.
  • Chanda D, Sharma GD, Jha DK & Hijri M (2014). The Potential Use of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza in the Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in Barak Valley, Assam: A Review. Current World Environment, 9(2) 544-551.
  • Hassan SE, Bell T, Stefani FOP, Denis D, Hijri M, Yergeau E & St-Arnaud M (2014). Contrasting the community structure of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from hydrocarbon-contaminated and uncontaminated soils following willow (Salix spp. L.) planting. PLoS ONE, 9(7) e102838.
    open source
  • Chanda D, Sharma GD, Jha DK & Hijri M (2014). Associations of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in the phytoremediation of trace metal (TM) contaminated soils. Journal of Research in Biology 4(2): 1247-1263.
  • Bell T, Hassan SE, Lauron-Moreau A, Al-Otaibi F, Hijri M, Yergeau E, & St-Arnaud M (2014). Linkage between bacterial and fungal rhizosphere communities in hydrocarbon-contaminated soils is related to plant phylogeny. The ISME Journal 8(2) 331-343.
  • Sharma G. D, Hijri M, Chanda D. & Jha D.K. (2014). Isolation and Screening of Some Filamentous Fungi with Various Trace Metals Indian Journal of Applied Research, 4 (2): 7-11.
  • Chanda D, Sharma GD, Jha DK, Hijri M & Al-Otaibi F (2014). Isolation and characterization of Chitinophaga sp. from paper mill polluted soil. International Journal of Scientific Research 3 (12): 1-4.
  • Chanda D, Sharma GD, Jha DK, Hijri M & Al-Otaibi F (2014). Isolation and characterization of heavy metal resistant Cellulosicmicrobioum sp. From paper mill polluted soil. International Journal of Bioassays 4 (01), 3648-3653.


  • Boon E, Zimmerman E, St-Arnaud M & Hijri M (2013) Allelic differences within and among sister spores of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatum suggest segregation at sporulation. PLoS One 8(12) e83301.
  • Tisserant E, Malbreil M, Kuo A, Kohler A, et al. (2013) The genome of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus provides insights into the oldest plant symbiosis. PNAS 110(50) 20117-20122.
  • Halary S, Daubois L, Terrat Y, Ellenberger S, Wöstemeyer J, & Hijri M (2013) Mating Type Gene Homologues and Putative Sex Pheromone-Sensing Pathway in Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, a Presumably Asexual Plant Root Symbiont. PLoS One 8(11) e80729.
    open source
  • Ismail Y, McCormick S, & Hijri M (2013) The arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungus, Glomus irregulare controls the mycotoxin production of Fusarium sambucinum in the pathogenesis of Potato. FEMS Microbiology Letters 384: 46-51.
  • Beaudet D., Terrat Y., Halary S., de la Providencia E., & M. Hijri (2013). Mitochondrial genome rearrangements in Glomus species triggered by homologous recombination between distinct mtDNA haplotypes. Genome Biology and Evolution 5(9): 1628-1643.
    open source
  • de la Providencia I.E., Nadimi M., Beaudet D., Rodriguez Morales G., & M. Hijri (2013). Detection of a transient mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy in the progeny of crossed genetically divergent isolates of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The New Phytologist 200: 211-221.
  • Hassan S.E., Hijri M., & M. St-Arnaud (2013). Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on trace metal uptake by sunflower plants grown on cadmium contaminated soil. New Biotechnology 30(6): 780-787.
  • Hassan S.E., Liu A., Bittman S., Forge, T.A. Hunt D.E., Hijri M., & M. St-Arnaud (2013). Impact of 12-year field treatments with organic and inorganic fertilizers on crop productivity and mycorrhizal community structure. Biology and Fertility of Soils 49: 1109-1121.
  • Beaudet, D., Nadimi, M., Iffis, B. & Hijri M (2013). Rapid Mitochondrial Genome Evolution through Invasion of Mobile Elements in Two Closely Related Species of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. PLoS ONE 8(4): e60768. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060768
    open source


  • Ismail Y, Hijri M (2012) Arbuscular mycorrhisation with Glomus irregulare induces expression of potato PR homologues genes in response to infection by Fusarium sambucinum. Functional Plant Biology 39 (3):236-245.
  • Tisserant E, Kohler A, Dozolme-Seddas P, Balestrini R, Benabdellah K, et al. (2012) The transcriptome of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices (DAOM 197198) reveals functional tradeoffs in an obligate symbiont. The New phytologist 193: 755-769.
  • Nadimi M, Beaudet D, Forget L, Hijri M, Lang BF (2012) Group I intron-mediated trans-splicing in mitochondria of Gigaspora rosea and a robust phylogenetic affiliation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi with Mortierellales. Molecular biology and evolution 29: 2199-2210.


  • Marleau J, Dalpe Y, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2011) Spore development and nuclear inheritance in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. BMC evolutionary biology 11: 51. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-51
    open source
  • Lecomte J, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2011) Isolation and identification of soil bacteria growing at the expense of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. FEMS microbiology letters 317: 43-51.
  • Roy-Bolduc A, Hijri, M (2011) The use of mycorrhizae to enhance phosphorus uptake: a way out the phosphorus crisis. Journal of Biofertilizers & Biopesticides, 2:104. doi:10.4172/2155-6202.1000104
  • Marleau J, Dalpe Y, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2011) Correction: Spore development and nuclear inheritance in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11:97. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-97
    open source
  • Ismail Y, McCormick S, Hijri M (2011) A fungal symbiont of plant-roots modulates mycotoxin gene expression in the pathogen Fusarium sambucinum. PloS one 6: e17990. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017990
    open source
  • Hassan SE, Boon E, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2011) Molecular biodiversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in trace metal-polluted soils. Molecular ecology 20: 3469-3483.
  • Halary S, Malik S-B, Lildhar L, Slamovits CH, Hijri M & Corradi N. (2011) Conserved meiotic machinery in Glomus spp., a putatively ancient asexual fungal lineage. Genome biology and evolution 3: 950-958. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evr089
    open source


  • Lahlali R, Hijri M (2010) Screening, identification and evaluation of potential biocontrol fungal endophytes against Rhizoctonia solani AG3 on potato plants. FEMS microbiology letters 311: 152-159.
  • Boon E, Zimmerman E, Lang BF, Hijri M (2010) Intra-isolate genome variation in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi persists in the transcriptome. Journal of evolutionary biology 23: 1519-1527.
  • Thangadurai, D, Busso, CA, Hijri, M (2010) Mycorrhizal Biotechnology. 226 p. Science Publishers 2010.
  • Hassan S, Labrecque, M, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2010) Prospects of Plants and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Phytoremediation of Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil. In: Mycorrhizal Biotechnology. Thangadurai, D., Busso, CA, and Hijri M (Eds). Bioscience Publications.
  • Ismail Y, Hijri M (2010) Plant-Microbe Interactions and Mechanism of Disease Resistance in Plants. In: Mycorrhizal Biotechnology. Thangadurai, D., Busso, CA., and Hijri, M. (Eds). Bioscience Publications.


  • Lang BF, Hijri M (2009) The complete Glomus intraradices mitochondrial genome sequence-a milestone in mycorrhizal research. The New phytologist 183: 3-6.
  • Hijri M (2009) The use of fluorescent in situ hybridization in plant fungal identification and genotyping. Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N J ) 508: 131-145. doi: 10.1007/978-1-59745-062-1_1.
  • Zimmerman E, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2009) Sustainable Agriculture and the Multigenomic Model: How Advances in the Genetics of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi will Change Soil Management Practices (p. 269-287). In: Molecular Plant-microbe interactions. Bouarab K. Brisson N. and Daayf F. (Eds). CAB International.


  • Martin F, Gianinazzi-Pearson V, Hijri M, Lammers P, Requena N, Sanders IR, Shachar-Hill Y, Shapiro H, Tuskan GA, & Young JP. (2008) The long hard road to a completed Glomus intraradices genome. The New phytologist 180: 747-750.


  • Hijri M, Niculita H, Sanders IR (2007) Molecular characterization of chromosome termini of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices (Glomeromycota). Fungal genetics and biology : 1380-1386.


  • Hijri M, Sanders IR (2005) Low gene copy number shows that arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inherit genetically different nuclei. Nature 433: 160-163.


  • Hijri M, Sanders IR (2004) The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices is haploid and has a small genome size in the lower limit of eukaryotes. Fungal genetics and biology : 253-261.
  • Corradi N, Hijri M, Fumagalli L, Sanders IR (2004) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota) harbour ancient fungal tubulin genes that resemble those of the chytrids (Chytridiomycota). Fungal genetics and biology : 1037-1045.
  • Bariola PA, Retelska D, Stasiak A, Kammerer RA, Fleming A, et al. (2004) Remorins form a novel family of coiled coil-forming oligomeric and filamentous proteins associated with apical, vascular and embryonic tissues in plants. Plant molecular biology 55: 579-594.


  • Hijri M, Redecker D, Petetot JAM-C, Voigt K, Wostemeyer J, et al. (2002) Identification and isolation of two ascomycete fungi from spores of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Scutellospora castanea. Applied and environmental microbiology 68: 4567-4573.


  • Kuhn G*, Hijri M*, Sanders IR (2001) Evidence for the evolution of multiple genomes in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Nature 414: 745-748 (*tous deux premiers auteurs).


  • Redecker D, Hijri M, Dulieu H, Sanders IR (1999) Phylogenetic analysis of a dataset of fungal 5.8S rDNA sequences shows that highly divergent copies of internal transcribed spacers reported from Scutellospora castanea are of ascomycete origin. Fungal genetics and biology 28: 238-244.
  • Hosny M, Hijri M, Passerieux E, Dulieu H (1999) rDNA units are highly polymorphic in Scutellospora castanea (glomales, zygomycetes). Gene 226: 61-71.
  • Hijri M, Hosny M, van Tuinen D, Dulieu H (1999) Intraspecific ITS polymorphism in Scutellospora castanea (Glomales, Zygomycota) is structured within multinucleate spores. Fungal genetics and biology : 141-151.